Denatonium Benzoate granules

IUPAC name: Phenylmethyl-[2-[(2,6-dimethylphenyl)amino]-2-oxoethyl]-diethylammonium benzoate
Alternative names: Bitrex; phenylmethyl-[2- [(2,6-dimethylphenyl)amino]- 2-oxoetil]-diethylammonium benzoate; Aversion; Denatonii benzoas; N-(2-((2,6-Dimethylphenyl)amino)-2-oxoethyl)-N,N-diethylbenzeneme- thanaminium benzoate; Benzyldiethyl((2,6-xylylcarbamoyl)methyl)ammonium benzoate; benzyl-[(2,6-dimethylphenyl)carbamoylmethyl]-diethyl-azanium; EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 009106; ((2,6-Xylylcarbamoyl)methyl)diethyl benzyl ammonium benzoate; Benzoato de denatonio; Benzoate de denatonium; Anispray; Lidocaine benzyl benzoate; Benzyldiethyl[(2,6-xylylcarbamoyl)methyl]ammonium benzoate; Benzenemethan-aminium, n-(2-((2,6-dimethylphenyl)amino)-2-oxo-ethyl)-n,n-diethyl-, benzoate; benzyl-[(2,6-dimethylphenyl)carbamoylmethyl]-diethyl-azanium benzoate; Ammonium, benzyldiethyl[ (2,6-xylylcarbamoyl)methyl]-, benzoate; Bitter+Plus

General descrpition of Denatonium Benzoate

Chemical formula: C21H29N2O • C7H5O2
Molar mass: 446,581 g/mol
CAS number: 3734-33-6
EC number: 223-095-2
PubChem: 19518
ChemSpider: 18392
UNII: M5BA6GAF1O
Denatonium benzoate molecule structure
According to Chemistry World, Denatonium Benzoate was an accidental formulation by researchers at T & H Smith, a Scottish pharmaceutical company that was a precursor for Macfarlan Smith Ltd. The first known application for Denatonium Benzoate was as an aversant for pigs that were cannibalizing their own tails or those of other pigs.
Denatonium Benzoate is the most bitter chemical compound known, with bitterness thresholds of 0.05 ppm for the benzoate and 0.01 ppm for the saccharide. Dilutions of as little as 10 ppm are unbearably bitter to most humans. Denatonium benzoate is used for denaturation of alcohol, in antifreeze, in nail biting preventions, in respirator mask fit-testing, in animal repellents, in liquid soaps and shampoos. It is not known to pose any long-term health risks. When added, it discourages consumption of harmful alcohols like methanol, and additives like ethylene glycol or in rubbing alcohol. It is also added to many kinds of harmful liquids including solvents such as nail polish remover, paints, varnishes, toiletries and other personal care items, and various other household products. Animals are known to have different sensitivities to the effects of denatonium. It is used in some animal repellents (especially for such large mammals as deer). It has been used to safeguard rat poisons from human consumption, as humans are able to detect denatonium at much lower concentrations than rodents.

Product description

Denatonium benzoate granules 1 kg bottle Denatonium benzoate granules 10 kg box
The fine particles of the product may easily been taken with the air which makes not only the handling person but also the people in the environment tasting the very bitter taste. Therefore a good product has low powder content. The bitter taste is sensible even 500 meters from the place of handling in case of a dusting product. Our product is a dust-free granulate that makes easier and safer to hanle than most of the grades available in the market.
We deliver this product in a recloseable polyethylene bottle, a polyamide bag inside tightly closed containing the product. Therefore the remaining product can be well stored after taking out a part of it.

Specification

Denatonium benzoate granules appearance
Property specification unit of measure
Appearance White odourless granules
Purity ≥ 99,0 % (m/m)
pH 6,5 - 7,5
Chloride content ≤ 0,2 % (m/m)
Drying loss ≤ 1,0 % (m/m)
Sulfate ash content ≤ 0,1 % (m/m)
Loss on ignition ≤ 0,1 % (m/m)
Melting point 163 - 170 °C
Granulation diameter: 1,0-1,5; length: 1-5 mm

Solubility data %(m/v)

Solvent at 37°C at 20°C at 2°C
Víz 7.15 4.50 3.60
Metanol 69.20 68.90 62.10
Etanol 35.40 35.50 35.70
Izopropanol 10.60 10.50 5.20
Butanol 22.20 20.80 16.40
Aceton 1.95 1.40 0.90
Benzol 1.55 1.15 0.51
Metil-etil keton 0.50 0.49 0.60
Kloroform 42.80 33.00 18.50
Dietil-éter -- 0.015 0.01
Etil-acetát 0.30 0.25 0.12

Application areas of Denatonium Benzoate

Car chemicals Household products Garden and plant protection Cosmetics Fragrances
Antifreeze
Windshield washer
Car cleaners
Car polishes
Degreasers
Brake fluids
Air fresheners
Kitchen cleaners
Bathroom cleaners
Liquid detergents
Fabric softeners
Stain removers
Glass cleaners
Rodent killers
Slug & snail baits
Liquid fertilizers
Herbicides
Insecticides
Wild animal repellents
Nail polish removers
Hand sanitizers
Hair dyes
Candles
Liquid pot-pourri

Safety

Classification in accordance with Regulation (EU-GHS/CLP) No 1272/2008
Acute toxicity (inhalation) Category 4
Skin irritation Category 2
Serious eye damage/irritation Category 2
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (oral, dermal, inhalated, lung, respiratory system, central nervous system) Category 3
Classification in accordance with Regulations 67/548/EC or 1999/45/EC
Xn, Harmful R20 Harmful by inhalation.
Xi, Irritative R36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
Labelling
Warning pictogram
Warning
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H315 Causes skin irritation.
H319 Causes serious eye irritation.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse continuously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.
Information regarding delivery
The product is not classified as dangerous from delivery (ADR) regulations point of view.

Other information

Customs tariff Nr.: 2924291000
Article Nr.: 93823824 (10 x 1 kg/ carton box)
Article Nr.: 93823033 (1 kg/bottle)
Article Nr.: 93823211 (25 kg/drum)
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